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[京研教育]2020

2019-12-16

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1. Reduction of Students’ Study Load

Facing huge amount of homework, frequent exams and ambitious expectations of their parents, Chinese primary and middle school students now grow up under heavy pressures. This has time and again triggered the nationwide discussion on whether or not we should reduce the students’ study load.

Some people strongly advocate that we should reduce the students’ study load. They hold that, first, it deprives children of their free time and the golden, cheerful childhood which they deserve. As a result, everyday they rush to school with heavier and heavier bags and return home with endless homework. Sometimes they even have to burn the midnight oil. Moreover, all their weekends and vacations are occupied with make-up lessons. Second, heavy study load has seriously affected their physical and psychological health. To illustrate, more and more students are either wearing glassed or suffering from nervous disorder. Occasionally it even can lead to the occurrence of tragedies.

However, others hesitate about it and they prefer to stick to the old practice rather than to reduce students’ study load. They believe that only hard work can earn a bright future for children. They also believe only those who study hard under much study load can get rewarded by finding an ideal job in the cut-throat competition. Besides, they think it’s just a waste of time for students to idle around. The fact that more children were drowned this summer might result from the reduction of study load.

My suggestion is that we should moderately reduce students’ study load. What is more, as heavy study load is the by-product of the existing exam-oriented system, we should reform the exam assessment system. only in this way can we completely solve the problem.

2. Shopping on the Net

Nowadays Internet is revolutionizing our globe and greatly facilitating our modern life. As a matter of fact, we can do almost everything on the Net. To illustrate, we can conduct E-business, advertise our products, book an air ticket, buy and sell stocks, even hunt a job on the Web. Recently, shopping on the Net is gradually becoming popular in modern cities. However, people take different attitudes towards the new way of shopping.

Some people who prefer shopping on the virtual shopping centers or the e-commerce portals , hold that the new way of shopping has many advantages. First, the web-stores can keep customers updat d about the best selling products. Besides, they can provide customers with a wider range of choices. Most important of all, it is very convenient and time-saving. People can stay at home shopping whatever they want online.

However, others who stick to shopping in the real-life stores have their reasons. First, they argue that though time-saving, it’s a little bit complicated to pay on the Web. Besides, they think that customers can never rest assured of the quality of the commodities unless they see them with their own eyes. Finally, they believe the best way to be on guard against the fake and poor quality commodities is to shop in the traditional way. Therefore, they don’t show any interest in shopping online. However, more and more people will prefer shopping on the Web.

And it’s believe that it will eventually be an irresistible trend of shopping in the 21st century.

3. China’s Foreign Investment

China’s foreign investment has increased continually in the past 20 years. It’s reported that China has approved more than 350,000 foreign funded firms with total contractual of US$ 641.7 billion. Undoubtedly the use of foreign capital has greatly driven our economy. It has helped to create many economic miracles such as Zhuhai and Shenzhen.

Although great changes have taken place in China partially due to the foreign investment, yet, as a developing country, China still proves to be a great target for foreign capital. And there’s still potential for overseas entrepreneurs and foreign investors in many aspects. To illustrate, they can still invest in agriculture, water conservation, energy, telecommunications, raw materials or invest in environment protection, IT industry newly arising high-tech industry, esp. in western regions.

As is well known, absorbing foreign capital is important to our country’s growth, but how to attract more of it to push forward an all-round multilevel and broader opening up. I think two factors are most important. On the one hand, we should work out more favorable policies and adopt a series of incentives to lure more foreign capital. On the other hand, we should further improve our soft investment environment. only in this way can we lure more foreign capital and push our door open wider.

4. The Positive and Negative Aspects of Exams and the Existing Examination System

As everything has two sides, the existing examination system is not all bad. It certainly has many positive aspects. To begin with, exam is an effective means to assess students’ knowledge and proficiency and to evaluate teachers’ teaching level. Besides, it can help students find out their strong and weak points in learning and make their knowledge permanent. Most important of all, it’s often served as a motive to drive students to study hard and get well prepared academically for the future competition.

However, it’s often blamed for its obvious defects. First, exams are always over-stressed as the aim of both learning and teaching. Thus the exam system is often blamed for the formation of the traditional exam-oriented education system. Second, exams are always associated with promotion to a higher grade or admittance to college. Therefore, they are heavily responsible for the present exam-assessment system. Finally, because the system leads to student’s heavy study load and it mainly produces students with high scores and poor abilities, it’s always the target of criticism and focus of reform. In a word, the disadvantages do outweigh the advantages. It’s urgent to reform the existing examination system in the new century.

5. Does the New Tuition Policy Keep Students Away?

Nowadays, under the new tuition system, an increasing number of students, who passed the University Entrance Examination have got into new anxiety of college tuition and fees. Under the heavy financial pressure and much psychological stress, those outstanding students, esp. those poverty-stricken students and those from families with laid-off parents, who were never beaten down by fate, now seem to be defeated by the crushing tuition burden . Indeed they really got stuck by the financial problem.

Therefore, many people complain that some poor students can’t afford to pay the college tuition and fees and the new tuition system keeps poverty-stricken students away from college. How can suck time out of the part-time jobs and manage to pass all the exams in college? They hold that college students should enjoy some favorable policies of tuitions so as to be able to concentrate on their studies and free from all the worries about their pockets, and that poverty should never be a hurdle to the growth of promising students.

However, in my opinion, the new tuition system does add much difficulties to the poor students but it will never keeps them away from college. First, in carrying out the new tuition system, the government should provide some special policy for poor students. In addition, they are entitled to take a loan from banks or do some part-time jobs during their spare time, such as weekends and holidays. Finally, they can try to win scholarship by additional efforts. In short, man proposes, and God disposes. No one will be kept out of college due to financial burden unless his is defeated by his own self.

6. Families Are Not As Close As Before

Along with the development of the society more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of which is that families are not as close as before. To my mind, this is one of the side-effects brought about by this modern world. There are a number of reasons for this phenomenon.

Firstly, some customs and traditions, which are handed down from generation to generation, have changed with the changes of people life style and attitude. These customs and traditions once played an important role in bringing families together. For instance, science and technology have greatly changed the ways people communicate with each other, which are fast, fashionable but lack affection. Without modern facilities like computer and telephone, people used to get in touch with each other by writing letters by hand or meeting each other frequently, which are full of more human touch than mechanical contact. Secondly, in this bustling modern world in which material gains are much valued, people are attaching less importance to emotion and therefore are growing more and more isolated and indifferent to even family members. This is a sort of social illness that is hard to cure. Thirdly, some people are just too occupied to spare time for their family. And lastly, the loose relation of the older generation gives a negative impact on the younger generation who might follow suit in treating the family relationship.

Regarding these reasons, I think there some ways to bring families closer. The most important approach is through education. Parents should not only set a good example but also instill into their children from their childhood the sense of kinship and the sense of responsibility so that they may form some good habits like writing letters, visiting great-parents now and then. Secondly, all family members should try to squeeze some time for family activities such as a family party or a dinner together. In fact, there are many other factors that account for this problem and correspondingly there are other ways to bring families closer. Here I have only explored a few of them.

Translation

1. 没有人不受广告的影响。尽管我们可能对自己的品味较为自豪,但在挑选所需求的东西时却难免情不自禁,因为广告对我们产生了美妙的影响。广告商在竭力劝说我们买这样那样产品时,早已对人道的本质做过详细的研讨,并把人类的种种缺陷进行了分类。

2. 许多人把注意力转向了环境问题,新建的玻璃钢摩天大楼受到了广泛的批评。生态学家指出,城市中布满的高层建筑常常给公共交通与停车场的承载才干构成过重的背负。

3. 有人认为,人们不应该再划分为白领或蓝领,而应该划分为知识型工作者或非知识型工作者。知识型工作者不只能读、能写、能结束机械重复的任务,也有必要抵达计算机运用技能方面的基本要求。

1. No one can avoid being influenced by ad. Much as we may pride ourselves on our good taste, we are no longer free to choose the things we want, for advertising exerts a subtle influence on us. In their efforts to persuade us to buy this or that product, advertisers have made a close study of human nature and gave classified all our little weaknesses.

2. Many people turned their attention to environmental problems, and new steel-and-glass skyscrapers were widely criticized. Ecologist pointed out that a cluster of tall buildings in a city often overburdens public transportation and parking lot capacities.

3. Some people think that people should no longer be classified as white collar or blue collar, but rather as knowledge workers and non-knowledge workers. The knowledge workers can not only read and write and perform rote tasks, they must meet the basic requirement of computer literacy.

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